Thursday, January 29, 2015

e. Any of the above.

Operative intervention for neurotrauma is indicated in a patient suffering from:

a. Significant mass effect from contusion or hemorrhage, resulting in a 5-mm shift of intracranial structures.
b. Penetrating head injury with necrotic foreign body tracks.
c. Significantly depressed skull fractures.
d. Foreign body removal if compromising neurologic function.
e. Any of the above.

The answer is e. Indications for operative treatment in patients with neurotrauma are indicated for all of the above situations and, additionally, in the instance of extra-axial collections.


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