Tuesday, February 3, 2015

Today World Cancer Day: 4th February 2015 , Why is this day important ?- DrSudeep KC

World Cancer Day: 4th February 2015

-DrSudeep KC
Dr.Sudeep KC 


WHY WORLD CANCER DAY IS IMPORTANT




Put simply, because the global cancer epidemic is huge and is set to rise. Currently, 8.2 million people die from cancer worldwide every year, out of which, 4 million people die prematurely (aged 30 to 69 years).



Urgent action needs to be taken to raise awareness about the disease and to develop practical strategies to address the cancer burden. Disparities between people from different settings are growing, particularly in the access to prevention, treatment and palliative care.

Now, more than ever there is a need for a global commitment to help drive advancements in policy and encourage implementation of comprehensive National Cancer Control Plans. Furthermore, we have a collective responsibility to support low- and middle-income countries who are tackling a cancer epidemic with insufficient resources. World Cancer Day is the ideal opportunity to spread the word and raise the profile of cancer in people’s minds and in the world’s media.

WHO IS BEHIND WORLD CANCER DAY?

img :Dr.SudeepKC working with Protein Pic And Slc23a 3
World Cancer Day is an initiative of the Union for International Cancer Control (UICC), a leading international non-governmental organisation that unites the cancer community to reduce the global cancer burden, to promote greater equity, and to integrate cancer control into the world health and development agenda. Founded in 1933 and based in Geneva, UICC’s growing membership of over 800 organisations across 155 countries, features the world’s major cancer societies, ministries of health, research institutes, treatment centres and patient groups. Additionally, the organisation is a founding member of the NCD Alliance, a global civil society network that now represents almost 2,000 organisations in 170 countries.


World Cancer Day 2015: ‘Not Beyond Us’ 

• Choosing healthy lives 

• Delivering early detection

 • Achieving treatment for all 

• Maximising quality of life



Cancer is a neoplastic disease of multifactorial origin; its development depends on the interaction of the organism’s genes with the environment. Although some cancers are hereditary, the majority of tumors is of the sporadic type, i.e., they originate de novo from somatic genetic changes that are  promoted by exposure to environmental carcinogens and/or infectious agents. Cancer caused by infectious agents such as bacteria, parasites, and viruses has been estimated to be 16.1%

virus HIV



Prevention is the best medicine; therefore, knowing the interaction between virus and host cell and the relationship of that interaction with cancer puts combating viral infection (e.g., the development of vaccines against oncoviruses) on the front lines of defense against cancer. When viral infection is established in the host, although the mechanism for triggering carcinogenesis is not strong, the viral infection affects several pathways, such as those of the cell cycle, apoptosis, senescence, DNA repair, or changes in metabolism, which increases not only the complexity of the disease,but also its prognosis, treatment alternatives, and preventive measures The majority of current treatments for cancer has been developed by employing targeted cell proteins rather than viral elements. However, viral factors are equally important, and their use may open new lines of cancer treatment. Because virus involvement in cancer-related events is very broad, viruses can be used as molecular tools to assess genes that are over- or under- expressed in the homeostatic cell to treat direct or indirect causal agents of diseases.



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